Antibiotic resistance: Scientists 'unmask' superbug-shielding protein

Antibiotic resistance: Scientists 'unmask' superbug-shielding protein

Australian scientists have mapped the molecular structure of a protein that shields superbugs from antibiotics.

It could help develop new drugs for antibiotic-resistant bacteria strains, the University of Western Australia researchers said.

The protein, EptA, allows some strains to shrug off colistin, an antibiotic used when all other treatments fail.

It follows warnings that a so-called antibiotic apocalypse could be among the 21st Century's greatest threats.

The new research could help create treatments to inhibit the masking protein, according to lead researcher Professor Alice Vrielink.


"We can think about the protein as being like a lock of a door and it has a specific shape," said Prof Vrielink, a molecular biologist.

"If we know the three-dimensional shape, we can get an idea of what the key should look like."

Antibiotic resistance: Scientists 'unmask' superbug-shielding protein

The research, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and involved several other universities and organisations.

Using a technique called X-ray crystallography, it maps the three-dimensional structure of EptA.

"The protein provides the ability for the bacteria to cloak itself from the immune system and from antibiotics," Prof Vrielink said.

"If can stop it from doing that, we de-mask the bacteria."

Prof Vrielink hopes the discovery will lead to a new treatment. She said it would probably involve one drug to unmask the bacteria, and an antibiotic to treat the infection.

"A therapeutic treatment is probably years down the road," she said.

"It's a long process but this is our first step towards that work."



Add Comment

all comments

  Other news

more
Herne Bay rail death: Teenager found 'electrocuted' on tracks

Herne Bay rail death: Teenager found 'electrocuted' on tracks..

26-Jul, 22:41

A 16-year-old girl has been found dead on tracks at a railway station,...

Eastenders' Jacqueline Jossa shares tear-jerking message to daughter Ella as she leaves her to film the BBC soap: 'Mummy misses you'

Eastenders' Jacqueline Jossa shares tear-jerking message to daughter Ella as she leaves her to..

27-Jul, 14:10

The pair, who share little girl Ella together, are happier than ever in...

Excessive force? London police point assault rifles at men in traffic stop (VIDEO)

Excessive force? London police point assault rifles at men in traffic stop (VIDEO)..

27-Jul, 10:10

Police in London have been accused of using excessive force after being...

Lawsuit seeks publication of net neutrality discussions between FCC chair & internet providers

Lawsuit seeks publication of net neutrality discussions between FCC chair & internet providers..

27-Jul, 01:10

A transparency advocacy group is suing the Federal Communications...

The Latest: Fans say farewell to music legend Chuck Berry

The Latest: Fans say farewell to music legend Chuck Berry..

09-Apr, 12:40

The Latest on the public viewing and private service honoring rock 'n'...

How a food writer struggling with mental illness found comfort through cooking

How a food writer struggling with mental illness found comfort through cooking..

19-Apr, 04:27

When David Leite was a young boy, his mother used to write notes all over...

Residents trapped in Libya Tripoli amid militia fighting

Residents trapped in Libya Tripoli amid militia fighting..

23-Feb, 19:12

Heavy fighting erupted in the Libyan capital among militias allied to the...

Military unrest, gunfire paralyze city areas in Ivory Coast

Military unrest, gunfire paralyze city areas in Ivory Coast..

15-May, 13:24

Gunfire and continued threats by mutinous soldiers in several cities in...